In order for our pets to always remain healthy and energetic, not to suffer from gaining excess weight, they need proper nutrition.
What is a balanced diet? This nutrition, which will fully satisfy its trace elements, will provide all internal and external life processes – whether it is the well-coordinated work of organs or the ability to move vigorously and execute commands. The goal of a balanced diet is to make the life of a cat or dog full, reduce the risk of health pathologies, improve appearance and ensure a long and healthy life.
Pet nutrition can be done with homemade food or commercial feed. What are the pros and cons of these methods?
An obvious plus of this food is its price and availability. The owner can independently calculate and purchase the necessary food, taking into account the weight of the pet, its activity and the intake of all vitamins and minerals is possible only conditionally, relying on his own intuition and approximate sources from the literature and the Internet. And supplements in the form of pharmacy veterinary dietary supplements, which are necessarily included with home feeding, can provoke various disorders in the health of animals.
Another disadvantage of homemade food is the ease of chewing. Your cat’s or dog’s diet should include enough particulate matter to clean the pet’s teeth of plaque and calculus. In this case, you should definitely inspect the mouth of the animal and, if necessary, brush your teeth yourself.
Commercially available feed prices range from affordable to high-end, but the investment in a healthy pet diet is worth it. For many years, manufacturers have been calculating feed formulations based on observations of the health of dogs and cats, distinguishing them into different groups and optimizing nutritional formulas for each of them.
With each brand of production, there are scientific centers where the composition of feed is studied, in what sequence and in what ratio to add them, what processing mode will be optimal for creating food, what vitamins in the food was as balanced as possible.
After the creation of the product, control tests are carried out on a group of animals, during which their physical and emotional state is carefully monitored. Depending on the results, the composition of the feed is adjusted and produced on an industrial scale. In the case of poor feed efficiency, it simply does not receive release approval.
Feeding cats and dogs can vary depending on the animal and the nature.
Eating your cat properly eliminates sweet, salty, pickled, fried, hard bones, and spicy and spicy foods. Kittens need a lot of protein, which is necessary for the active growth of babies. An adult animal’s diet should include 75% meat products and only 25% grains and vegetables. The diet of cats should contain fermented milk products – yogurt, low-fat cottage cheese, kefir and yoghurts.
If the animal is sterilized, it is revised towards a decrease in minerals, vitamin A and protein, as this can provoke the development of urolithiasis.
Contrary to popular myth, fish is not the best food for cats and cats. The enzymes contained in fish destroy the B vitamins in the pet’s body, which leads to poor health and many unpleasant symptoms.
The nutrition of a dog living in an enclosure and at home is based on different principles. Outdoor dogs should get more fat and carbohydrates during the cold season to keep them warm.
The diet of any dog should contain boiled eggs, dairy products, with the exception of natural milk, thick rich cereals, vegetables with vegetable oil. You can not feed dogs with flour products, potatoes, legumes, sweet desserts, smoked meats, spicy and salty foods, tubular bones.
Puppies, like kittens, need calcium and protein to grow actively. For pregnant and sick animals, special supplements are included in the diet on the recommendation of the attending veterinarian.
If you decide to purchase industrial food for feeding your pet, then, in addition to the special purpose for a particular group of animal and consistency (dry, semi-dry, wet), you should pay attention to the omclass (premium and super-premium) marks. The composition of these feeds differs in nutritional value, balance of nutrients, composition, variation of ingredients.